Having professed surprise at putting his car in pole position, Hamilton could not live with the race pace of Max Verstappen — who took the second victory of his career.
But, with his main title rival Sebastian Vettel starting last after engine trouble on Saturday, Hamilton was able to open up a 34-point lead over the German — who finished fourth in his Ferrari.
Both Red Bull and Ferrari were quicker than Mercedes for much of the weekend and, even though the team now head to the Japanese Grand Prix in a week’s time in a stronger position, Hamilton admits there is work to be done on an inconsistent car.
“I don’t know what I’m able to say and not say as I don’t want everyone knowing all of the problems we do have,” he said.
“I think it is unknown at the moment. We definitely have work to do that is for sure. It was the best I could really do.
“There are definitely positives in terms of the actual result we got. It was a bit fortunate, a bit lucky for us.”
Having started the weekend with such promise, this was another grand prix to forget for Ferrari.
Kimi Raikkonen had qualified second with Vettel sidelined but he could not even make the start this time around as a battery problem meant he was left in the garage.
Vettel fought valiantly from the back to take fourth and came close to a podium, but his weekend ended in farce as he was involved in a collision with the Williams of Lance Stroll on the slow-down lap which saw his Ferrari left with three wheels.
Verstappen, who turned 20 on Saturday, has been strong in qualifying all season but this was just his second podium of 2017 and he put the win down to a brave overtake on race-leader Hamilton at the start of lap four.
“I know that Lewis has more to lose because he is fighting for the championship so maybe I took an extra risk but I think that was one of my only chances,” he said.
“Once I got past Lewis I could focus on my pace and look after my tyres. I think that is the first time I have had that in my career.”