Cuban officials announced today that citizens can go on holiday abroad without an exit visa.
New rules mean Cubans can leave the island for a break with an ordinary passport.
They also allow Cubans to work abroad for longer without special permission.
Communist Party newspaper Granma said it was part of an effort to "normalise relations with emigrants."
But certain limits on travel will remain for some professionals, including military officers, as the US has often been accused of seeking to bribe highly qualified Cubans to leave the country for propaganda purposes and to weaken its economy.
The paper said that the new rules take into account Cuba's need to ward off attempts by the US and its allies to undermine the country's government and to "preserve the human capital created by the revolution."