A boost in the living wage to £7.50 per hour from April 2013 by Scotland's councils has been welcomed by unions - but they said it won't make up for pay freezes.
Scottish local government body Cosla claimed its pay deal will end a two-year freeze - though it would be funded from existing resources for wages.
But unions said the offer was just 1 per cent.
Unison's Douglas Black said last year's £1,000 claim was based on how far council workers' pay had fallen behind.
"There's no doubt that 1 per cent doesn't close that gap," he said.
A Cosla spokesman said the offer was the "very limits" of what councils could afford.
Official inflation figures understate the real extent of rising costs, but even the government's own CPI scheme lays bare the ongoing misery for working people and those dependent on benefits.
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