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‘Finally, Mexico has a chance. Mexico starts a new historical period’

BEN COWLES reports from observing Mexico’s election, which saw leftwinger Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador sweep to victory

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THREE bangs followed by furious voices emanated from the polling station in the classroom adjacent to ours. My heart pummelled against my rib cage.

The people who waited impatiently outside the polling station to bring to an end Mexico’s bloodiest ever election looked through the classroom window at Alberto Zerda-Noriega and I in our white electoral observation bibs with concern.

Carl Maden, Louis Lemus, and Latin American human rights activist Alberto Zerda-Noriega enter a polling station before it opens in Naucalpan, a satellite city on the northwest edge of Mexico City
Carl Maden, Louis Lemus, and Latin American human rights activist Alberto Zerda-Noriega enter a polling station before it opens in Naucalpan, a satellite city on the northwest edge of Mexico City

“Something’s not right,” I said to Alberto. “We should go.”

I followed behind as he left the classroom and moved through the voters who crowded round the closed door to the classroom containing our comrades Carl Maden, a CWU national executive member, and Louis Lemus, a neuroscientist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Unam) and fixer for our electoral observation brigade.

While I looked for an escape route, Alberto, who escaped political oppression in his native Colombia in the 1970s, cautiously pushed open the door and went inside.   

When he didn’t re-emerge right away, the lizard part of my brain screeched at me to abandon my team and leg it.

But where the hell was I going to go? We were in one of the poor hillside neighbourhoods of Naucalpan, a satellite city on the north-west edge of Mexico City’s vast urban sprawl and according to Louis “the second most dangerous area in the city.”  

I’d been on edge as soon as we’d showed up at the school last Sunday to monitor the opening of the polls as part of a British delegation of trade unionists, activists and academics, organised by the London-based human rights organisation Justice Mexico Now and Mexican activists Scholars and Citizen Network for Democracy (RUCD).

 Fred Coker
Pic: Fred Coker

One man in particular seemed annoyed by the four of us. Dressed in an immaculately pressed designer suit and aviator sunglasses, his gaze followed our movements around the school as we carried out our observations.

The way his thumb hovered over his phone, as if ready to call in the goons at a moment’s notice, was quite concerning.

Elections in Mexico have traditionally been little more than a pantomime, providing the veneer of democratic legitimacy that the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) needs to maintain its nakedly corrupt, 71-year stranglehold over the country.

“The Mexican political system has decades of experience of simulation,” RUCD founder and Unam law professor John Ackerman told me.

“Politics and institutions are very good at pretending to be normal but under the surface being totally corrupt and decayed.”

 Fred Coker
Pic: Fred Coker

The RUCD was created in February at a Unam academic conference on democracy. “We concluded that there was high likelihood of fraud on July 1,” Ackerman said. And so the RUCD was formed and international observers were invited to monitor the elections from across the Americas and Europe.  

“There is a full menu of ways to alter the electoral results. Before the elections you have pressure on people who receive government benefits, such as single mothers, students, the elderly, to vote a certain way.

“They’re told: ‘You’re getting benefits now, but if you don’t vote for me, or if you don’t get 10 ID cards for me from your friends and neighbours then we’ll remove your benefits.’

“That’s a threat and then you have incentives. ‘We’ll pay you an extra salary on top of your benefits if you vote for me.’

“We have this incredible potential, we have incredible revolutionary heritage. The Mexican revolution was the first social revolution of the 20th century. Our constitution is incredible, we have the right to ‘dignified and socially useful’ work, to healthcare and to education.

“But most of this has been unrealised because of the incredible authoritarian state, which didn’t come as a result of the revolution as the neoliberals tried to convince us. The revolution was twisted against itself around 1946, and especially in 1988 when [Carlos] Salinas and the PRI implemented corrupt neoliberal policies.”

Louis Lemus shows the indelible ink stamped on his thumb after voting
Louis Lemus shows the indelible ink stamped on his thumb after voting

Before Alberto had gone into the classroom, I’d tried calming my nerves by thinking what a headache it would be for the narcos to kill or kidnap foreigners. Surely the British embassy would be bad for business.  

But then I remembered the 34,000 forcibly disappeared people and the fact that “those responsible enjoy almost absolute impunity,” as a 2017 Amnesty International report puts it.

“If you’re in some sort of trouble in Mexico, god bless you,” Justice Mexico Now’s Lupita Valdez warned me a few weeks prior to the trip. “Because justice is not something you’re going to find there.”

She told me how families of the disappeared find little help from the police and so they buy their own shovels and search for the bodies of their loved ones.

“They use a long metal stick, bury it underground, take it out and then they sniff it to see if it smells like rotten corpses. And then they dig.”

This near total lack of law enforcement is not due to incompetence, she stressed. “Mexico has very good forensics and technology.” The lack of justice, she says, “is because of the lack of political will.”

Alberto finally re-emerged all smiles from the classroom moments later. “It’s OK,” he reassured me. “The polling station boss slammed the door shut because someone was yelling about the election starting late.”

Clearly, I’d overreacted. But I was relieved when we left that place.

I wasn’t the only one who felt something wrong about that polling station. One of the polling booths in the school was set aside from the rest in a classroom on the other side of the school.

“None of the staff in there had any ID; the boss had no idea about the the process; and didn’t like it when we started asking questions,” Carl said when we got back in the car.

I asked Louis how he felt about the process there. “Terrible,” he said, shaking his head. “Terrible, terrible.” Do you think the gangs are rigging it? I asked. “Absolutely.”

We spent the rest of the day visiting four other polling stations in Naucalpan, which were, thankfully, nowhere near as tense or seemingly corrupt as the first.

Eventually we made it back to the capital and to our final polling station in Polanco, the Knightsbridge of Mexico City, a whole other world to where we started.

It later transpired that the pampered people here voted overwhelmingly for the National Action Party (Pan), the main right-wing opposition party and equally corrupt as the PRI.

Within three hours of the polls closing at 6pm, both leaders of the PRI and Pan capitulated. The exit polls had predicted leftwinger Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s lead was insurmountable. He and his party Moreno had swept the local, senate and chamber of deputies elections.

Amlo is the affection acronym of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador
Amlo is the affection acronym of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador

Carl showed Louis this on his phone. “I cannot believe it,” Louis said as tears began to flood his eyes. “Sorry,” he said, walking towards a window and could no longer hold back the flood. “I’ve been working towards this moment my whole life.

“For 30 years I have witnessed this country’s brutal corruption, poverty, impunity, and inequality. But finally, Mexico has a chance. Mexico starts a new historical period. A chance to do it right this time.”

It took over an hour to drive the roughly 4.5 miles from Polanco to Francisco Madero Avenue to join the ten of thousands of Obrador supporters marching down the famous street towards Zocalo, Mexico City’s main square and where the president elect was to give his victory speech.

The march was a sea of Mexican, Moreno and rainbow flags. Wearing Mexico’s football kit, Obrador masks, sombreros and luchador masks they chanted: “Mexico sin PRI” (Mexico without the Pri), “Si, se puede” (Yes, we can) and “El pueblo unido jamas sera vencido” (The people united will never be defeated).

A man plays the trumpet as people celebrate Lopez Obrador's victory on Francisco Modero Avenue in central Mexico City
A man plays the trumpet as people celebrate Lopez Obrador's victory on Francisco Modero Avenue in central Mexico City

The challenge facing Obrador and the Morena party cannot be overstated. Corruption must be tackled, the narco traffickers overcome, social welfare expanded, workers’ rights strengthened, the military taken off the streets, the police whipped into shape and justice must be delivered for the families of the disappeared.

This will not be easy. There will be plenty of opposition within and without Mexico, not to mention its imperialist northern neighbour which has never stood for anything even vaguely socialist in the same hemisphere. 

For most of its history, Mexico has been ruled over by a political class that dressed up its corruption in the progressive ideals of the Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata to serve its own interests.

But last week, the Mexican people proved that we can overthrow those who have exploited us for generations if we organise.

Viva Mexico.

Ben Cowles is the Morning Star’s web editor. You can celebrate Obrador’s vitory with him on Twitter on @Cowlesz

You can find our more about Justice Mexico Now on facebook.com/JusticeMexicoNow.

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