PUERTO RICANS marked six months today since the formation of Hurricane Maria, which devastated the island, causing about $100 billion (£72bn) in damage.
Half a year on, many residents of the US colony are still without running water or electricity.
Only a fraction of the $23bn (£16bn) set aside by the United States Congress has actually been spent in Puerto Rico and leaders on the island denounced the sum itself as woefully inadequate. About $1.27bn (£910 million) has been received for food and just $430m (£308m) to repair infrastructure.
A $4.7bn (£3.4bn) loan approved last year for the US states of Texas and Florida and the colonies of the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico was reduced by the Treasury Department last month to $2bn for Puerto Rico alone, none of which has been given out.
And programmes funded by $6bn (£4.3bn) of Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema) money have yet to reach thousands of Puerto Ricans, many of whom live in desperate conditions.
Tens of thousands of residents are still waiting for permanent shelter, water or power as the next Atlantic hurricane season approaches.
Puerto Rican officials have said that the US government is neglecting the colony, while Washington has blamed the island’s people themselves for delays in funding, although it has not been specific.
Maria destroyed 75,000 homes and damaged 300,000 more, causing an estimated $31bn (£22bn) in damage to housing alone, said Puerto Rican Housing Secretary Fernando Gil.
“If we had power in Congress … I ask myself if any federal agency would treat us as second-class citizens,” Mr Gil said. “They are not doing this to Texas. They are not doing this to Florida.”
Meanwhile, the island remains mired in roughly $75bn (£54bn) of debt, half of which is interest and almost all of which is owned by giant “vulture” hedge funds that specialise in wringing money out of poor countries and municipalities to line the pockets of their wealthy investors.
Former US president Barack Obama forced a set of punishing austerity measures on the island and the devastation left by Maria has boosted disaster capitalists who insist on privatising the struggling publicly owned electricity utility Prepa.
Puerto Rican independence leader Oscar Lopez Rivera recently condemned Washington for carrying out “perhaps the biggest experiment in neoliberalism” in Puerto Rico, “especially with privatisation. Everything is privatised — airports, trains, water.”
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